Golden Retriever Paintings
Kathy Hagerman Golden Retriever Art
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Art Terminology
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Artist's Proofs | Conservation Framing | Edition Size | Giclée | Image Size | Limited-Edition Print | Matting | Moulding | Offset Lithograph | Open-Edition Print | Original Painting | Original Lithograph | Remarque | Reproduction | Signed and Numbered | Sold-Out | UV Protective Film Coating

Artist's Proofs:

For original prints, artist's proofs are the first prints pulled, which are the truest prints in the edition because the plates and screens have not yet been worn down. Artist's proofs are distinguished by the abbreviation "AP" and are numbered separately; they often represent 10 percent of an edition and are slightly more expensive than prints in the regular edition. For offset reproductions and Giclée prints, artist's proofs are additional prints not included in the regular edition, but of the same quality.

Conservation Framing:
This is framing that aims to prevent warping, fading, tearing or any other kind of print deterioration. Acid-free mats and glazing with UV protection are used in conservation framing.

Edition Size:

This indicates the total number of prints printed, or pulled, of one particular image. Separate edition sizes are recorded for the signed and numbered prints, artist's proofs and printer's proofs.

Giclée (pronounced jee-clay) is a French word meaning "squirted, or spurted." The Giclée printer squirts approximately 4 million microscopic droplets of ink per second onto professional artist media. Giclée prints have become highly respectable in the Fine Art world because of their ability to capture vibrant colors, not previously possible using traditional methods. Some artists and art enthusiasts believe this method captures the essence of the original art more accurately than any other printing method. The current light-fastness of the archival inks used in the making of these prints are rated by the Wilhelm Institute to last 100 200 years when framed under glass and under light at 750º Kelvin, 12 hours per day. A print mounted with a U/V coating is protected from ultraviolet light, dirt, handling and other risks of damage. Paper Giclée prints should be matted with at least one museum mat; this ensures air circulation within the framing. Giclées should be conservation or museum mounted and backed using 100% acid‑free archival board or foam-core.

Image Size:
Dimensions of the actual art image; white borders are not included in this measurement

Limited-Edition Print:
A print produced from an original artwork. The number of prints is predetermined and each print is sequentially numbered by the artist. These prints are often signed by the artist also. See: Signed and Numbered

A wood fiber or cotton fiber board placed between the art image and glass to create space for air to circulate within the framed piece. Acid mats with buffering are often used on posters and similar reproductions as they are less expensive (they are NOT recommended for use with limited edition prints since the acid in the board may affect their life and quality). Acid free, conservation standard, rag mat museum boards are recommended for use with valuable prints. They are acid and lignin free and won't damage artwork. Mats are available in leather, suede, linen, marble, flecked, black cored, and other distinctive finishes.


A wood, metal, or plastic material positioned around the perimeter of an artwork as framing.

Offset Lithograph:
A print produced by separation into four to eight colors based on the original art. The colors are recombined on a printing press using several color plates. Offset lithographs are one of the most common forms of print available.

Open-Edition Print:
A print published from an original painting with an unlimited number of prints in the edition. These prints are sometimes hand-signed by the artist.

Original Painting:
Art produced by the artist by hand. Original paintings, because of their unique qualities, often sell for thousands of dollars to collectors who value their one-of-a-kind investment.

Original Lithograph:
Fine art applied directly onto the printing stone by the artist. No original art has been reproduced to create the print. Each print is an original work.


A small sketch, rough painting, or similar original art, made by the artist and placed in the margin of the print. Remarques are usually created in pencil, ink, various watercolours, or acrylic. Such an addition greatly increases the value of the print as it now becomes a unique piece of art.

Any original artwork that has been reproduced digitally or photographically, or by lithograph, serigraph, or other means.

Signed and Numbered:

Prints in limited editions are often signed and numbered (also known as S/N). The signature of the artist often appears on a lower corner of the image or in the white margins. The number appears as a fraction (50/500).The first number is that of the specific print; the second number refers to the number of prints in an edition. Lower numbered prints often have a greater appreciation in value on the secondary market.

Prints that are Sold-Out are no longer available from the art publisher or artist and must be purchased on the secondary market.

UV Protective Film Coating:
The print is first mounted onto an 8-ply museum board, then a U/V protective film is applied to the image to give it a permanent finish and a soft matte texture. The result has 5 times better U/V protection than regular glass, with virtually no glare. The image can be wiped with a damp cloth. The image has a closer likeness to the original and can be framed like an original; it is easily shipped framed, as it is lighter and non-breakable compared to glass.

Published by Hagerman Fine Art

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